It is the oldest continuously published monthly magazine in the United States (though it did not become monthly until 1921). We have made 10 years of our Climate Change in the American Mind (CCAM) survey data publicly available, as well as launching an interactive data visualization tool where you can explore the diversity of American responses to climate change for yourself. According to social identity processes, people who share the same political views or identities can have a strong influence on each other's climate opinions.71 A recent study of political support for a carbon tax suggests that perceptions of how much fellow party members supported the tax weighed heavily in both Democrats' and Republicans' decisions to support it.72 Helping Republicans, especially moderate Republicans, understand that many other party members think climate change is happening and/or support climate policy (i.e., that those are the group norms) might help shift opinions and attenuate polarization within this group. Information on wind speed and patterns is integral to the fields of renewable energy, climate change, and weather preparedness. Climate at a Glance This interactive tool provides historical information on precipitation and temperature for selected places, from cities to states to climate regions to the contiguous United States. See also M. Mildenberger, J. Marlon, P. D. Howe, and A. Leiserowitz, “The Spatial Distribution of Republican and Democratic Climate Opinions at State and Local Scales,” Climatic Change 145 (2017): 539–48. 35 Analyses by political party and political ideology include only registered voters. Subscribe. Historical Climatology Network (USHCN) and the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN). For example, republicEn is an organization of (“EcoRight”) Republicans who are convinced that climate change is happening and believe that free-market policies—like a revenue-neutral carbon tax—should be implemented to address it.74 Organized groups such as these can strengthen the pro-climate views of Republicans and raise public awareness that Republicans also desire solutions to climate change. research. Following President Trump's announcement on June 1, 2017, that the United States would withdraw from the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, an Ipsos/Reuters poll found that Americans still prioritized other issues, including terrorism, health care, the economy, and immigration, ahead of the environment and energy.10 While public concern about climate change and its ranking as an issue priority have been rising over the past decade, the increase has occurred largely among Democrats. It was September 2019, and the waters off the Horn of Africa were ominously hot. But maybe today we can change your mind. 31 Mildenberger and Leiserowitz, note 17. Engage. 368–86. 33 L. Mason, “‘I Disrespectfully Agree’: The Differential Effects of Partisan Sorting on Social and Issue Position,” American Journal of Politics 59 (2015): 131. There are many ways to engage with the IPCC. To enable National Climate Assessment (NCA) authors to do the in-depth analysis necessary to make the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) most useful, the U.S. 3099067 Americans report greater risk for people and species more distant in time and space than for themselves or their own localities, supporting previous research.18, Although not displayed in the figure, worry about global warming—a more affective (as opposed to cognitive) measure of risk perception—follows a similar upward trend, increasing steadily from 51% of Americans in 2010 to 60% in 2017, returning to levels similar to 2008 (62%). Climate change is a major threat to ecosystems and people around the world.1 Risk analysts, including the U.S. Department of Defense, rank climate change as one of the most serious threats to society.2 The 2014 Synthesis Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that “climate change will amplify existing risks and create new risks for natural and human systems” unless it is addressed by substantial human action at a global scale.3, In the United States, however, only about half of Americans view climate change as a personal risk.4 People generally have limited risk perceptions, in part because they lack personal experience with global warming and tend to view the negative impacts as distant in time (i.e., a future threat) and space (i.e., affecting only people, species, and places far away).5 Furthermore, although most Americans think the climate is changing, many tend to misunderstand or discount climate science.6 Nearly half of the American public does not know or does not accept that global warming is human-caused.7 The public also tends to misperceive or underestimate the pro-climate views of other Americans and thinks there is greater polarization between their own personal views and the views of others than is true.8 For instance, although there is general bipartisan support for many climate change mitigation policies, most Americans are unaware of this norm and tend to underestimate how much support there actually is in the United States.9, Together, these factors—including the public's limited perception of the risks and the social consensus on climate change solutions—affect Americans' views on the importance of climate change. Climate change destabilises the Earth’s temperature equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on human beings and the environment. Our research and research surveys provide the necessary information needed to evaluate the overall health of more than … Respondents were categorized as Democrats if they self-identified as a Democrat or reported that they were Independents or “Other” who also think of themselves “as closer to the Democratic party,” whereas those who self-identified as a Republican or said that they think of themselves “as closer to the Republican party” were categorized as Republican. OpenNEX is a partnership between NASA and Amazon, Inc., to enhance public access to climate data, and support planning to increase climate resilience in the U.S. and internationally. Climate change solutions are typically framed in public and scientific discourse as societal losses, resulting from carbon taxes and corporate regulations, and “loss” frames may not be as conducive to public support relative to “gain” frames focusing on the benefits of action.65, More attention to and conversation about the co-benefits to society provided by climate policies and other climate solutions—especially those that accrue in the near versus the distant future (e.g., clean air and water, public health benefits, economic growth, technological advancements)—are likely to promote enhanced public and political will in support of those policies. Moreover, only about one in five know that more than 90% of climate scientists are convinced that human-caused warming is happening.47 Communicating the scientific consensus has been found to be a gateway to public understanding that global warming is happening and human-caused, which in turn promotes support for taking climate action.48 Conversations and communication that address these misperceptions may also help to reverse the climate spiral of silence by improving public understanding of the issue and, in turn, giving individuals greater confidence in their ability to express their views about the topic.49. A weather forecast can tell you what the weather will be like in a few hours or days from now.Climate, on the other hand, is the Climate change is an existential crisis facing the country; our industry looks forward to partnering with you to identify and deploy the needed solutions. What can I do with these data? In this scenario, global concentrations of carbon dioxide are allowed to stabilize at 550 parts per million (PPM) by the end of the 21st century (current 2012 levels are at about 395 PPM). 67 T. H. Campbell and A. C. Kay, “Solution Aversion: On the Relation Between Ideology and Motivated Disbelief,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 107 (2014): 809–24. 349–74. On average, support for funding renewable energy research remains the highest (84% in 2017), followed by support for regulating CO2 as a pollutant (75%), and setting strict CO2 limits on coal-fired power plants (69%). A number of promising strategies are discussed in the following. 16 Yale Program on Climate Change Communication (YPCCC) and George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication (Mason 4C), “Climate Change in the American Mind: National Survey Data on Public Opinion (2008–2017) [dataset],” Open Science Framework (2019), [doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/W36GN], https://osf.io/w36gn/ (accessed 26 March 2019). 29 R. E. Dunlap and A. M. McCright, “Organized Climate Change Denial,” in J. S. Dryzek, R. B. Norgaard, and D. Schlosberg, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. Climate Change in the American Mind: Data, tools, and trends. 59 Personal experience with extreme weather events linked to climate change predicts risk perceptions; see S. van der Linden, “On the Relationship Between Personal Experience, Affect and Risk Perception: The Case of Climate Change,” European Journal of Social Psychology 44 (2014): 430–40. NEX data and analysis tools are available to the public through the OpenNEX project on Amazon Web Services. Ice ages are the prototypical example of a long time scale change. 51 J. Cook, S. Lewandowsky, and U. K. Ecker, “Neutralizing Misinformation Through Inoculation: Exposing Misleading Argumentation Techniques Reduces Their Influence,” PloS ONE 12 (2017): e0175799. Climate, atmosphere, and land. Study examines centuries of data to understand links between climate and wildfires. This is not surprising, given that people often perceive climate change as a distant, abstract problem and have a limited understanding of nature's cause-and-effect processes.56 When people view climate change as an abstract issue distant in time and space, as opposed to a concrete issue with visible impacts, they feel less threatened or responsible.57 Experience can be a powerful teacher, but in light of the widespread conflation of weather and climate change, political partisans can misinterpret a single weather event as evidence for their point of view, such as Senator James Inhofe (R-Oklahoma) bringing a snowball to the Senate floor in February 2015 as evidence that climate change is not occurring.58 Personal experience of extreme events, such as hurricanes or flooding, connected to climate change can elevate risk perceptions, policy support, and pro-environmental behavior.59 Currently, the effects of personal experience on climate change opinions in the United States are relatively small, but as extreme weather increases in frequency and severity, the effects of personal experience may grow as well.60 Personal experiences also have the strongest impact on climate change beliefs among the least engaged segments of the American population.61 Among communities most vulnerable to climate change, emphasizing the inequities associated with the impacts of climate change may also promote engagement, given that perceiving one's group to be at a disadvantage motivates collective action.62, Thus, interventions can focus on conveying local climate information and risks to increase public understanding that climate change is happening here and now.63 For example, Climate Matters is a reporting resources program that applies this strategy by producing localized analyses of climate impacts (e.g., extreme heat events) and climate solutions (e.g., solar energy potential) for use by TV weathercasters and other journalists in their locally focused reporting.64, Our data indicate that support for policies that mitigate global warming is relatively high and has increased in recent years. Our findings are published in numerous reports and peer-reviewed articles and are cited by leading news organizations, academic journals, and online media around the world. Or, it could also mean that the human influence cannot be conclusively identified with the scientific tools available today. Be the first to hear about new surveys and studies. How a team of scientists studying drought helped build the world's leading famine prediction model. Next to changes in the climate itself, raw climate records also contain non-climatic jumps and changes, for example due to relocations or changes in instrumentation. Climate change definition, a long-term change in the earth's climate, especially a change due to an increase in the average atmospheric temperature: Melting glaciers imply that life in the Arctic is affected by climate change. 3 (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2017), pp. Every few years, natural swings in the ocean can lead to such a warming, drastically altering weather on … Water. A. Leiserowitz, “American Risk Perceptions: Is Climate Change Dangerous?,” Risk Analysis: An International Journal 25 (2005): 1433–42. In fact, a large majority of Republicans support several mitigation policies. We have made 10 years of our Climate Change in the American Mind (CCAM) survey data publicly available, as well as launching an interactive data visualization tool where you can explore the diversity of American responses to climate change … 80 Public opinion across congressional districts: N. Poppovich, J. Schwartz, and T. Schlossberg, “How Americans Think About Climate Change, in Six Maps,” The New York Times, 21 March 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/12/14/climate/republicans-global-warming-maps.html (accessed 17 October 2018). 13 P. S. Hart and E. C. Nisbet, “Boomerang Effects in Science Communication: How Motivated Reasoning and Identity Cues Amplify Opinion Polarization About Climate Mitigation Policies,” Communication Research 39 (2012): 701–23. The data are currently being used in the Yale Climate Opinion Maps (YCOM), which reveal the diversity of American opinion nationwide.79 The interactive maps allow visitors to explore public opinion at the state, congressional district, metropolitan, and county levels. Go to portal. Published as a tie-in with the groundbreaking documentary, An Inconvenient Truth presents high-level climate change research in accessible charts, graphs, and illustrations, as well as incorporating personal anecdotes. Student videos offer a glimpse into climate change. This visual catalog with convenient filtering options can help you find the climate data you need. Although Millennial Republicans are more likely than older Republicans to think global warming is happening, is human-caused, and perceive it as a serious risk, they are less likely to discuss it with their family and friends, and much less likely to hear about it in the media at least once a week. Please cite the data and article when using them in your own work: Data: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication (YPCCC) & George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication (Mason 4C). Climate change trends. See also P. G. Bain, M. J. Hornsey, R. Bongiorno, and C. Jeffries, “Promoting Pro-Environmental Action in Climate Change Deniers,” Nature Climate Change 2 (2012): 600–3. Site by Constructive, A program of The Yale School of the Environment, Climate Change in the American Mind: Data, Tools, and Trends, Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. 22 E. Noelle-Neumann, “The Theory of Public Opinion: The Concept of the Spiral of Silence,” Annals of the International Communication Association 14 (1991): 256–87. 43 R. B. Cialdini, R. R. Reno, and C. A. Kallgren, “A Focus Theory of Normative Conduct: Recycling the Concept of Norms to Reduce Littering in Public Places,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58 (1990): 1015–26. 15 Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, Yale Climate Opinion Maps, http://climatecommunication.yale.edu/visualizations-data/ycom-us-2018/?est=happening&type=value&geo=county (accessed 17 October 2018). Campaigns to break climate silence might also focus on understanding and reaching out to specific groups who may have unique communication habits and needs. Interventions might also attempt to shift perceptions of how other conservative or Republican ingroup members view climate change. Given the complex media environment in the United States, including the active dissemination of misinformation (e.g., confusing people about the scientific consensus regarding human-caused climate change), attitudinal changes can be short-lived.50 However, people can be effectively “inoculated” against false information with explanations that some groups are intentionally working to cast doubt on the scientific facts.51 Message repetition reminds people of the correct information while building their resistance to the false messages they may encounter. Human causes. History. Following this, Democrats were categorized as “Liberal Democrats” if they said they are “Very” or “Somewhat” liberal, or “Conservative/Moderate Democrats” if they said they are “Moderate, middle of the road” or “Very” or “Somewhat” conservative. We also find that Americans who hear about global warming in the media or talk about it with their own family and friends are more likely to perceive global warming as a risk and support polices to reduce it. We find that, although climate change is a highly politicized issue and views starkly differ across different groups of people, public understanding … Together, these research insights can support the efforts of climate change communicators to further engage Americans in climate change solutions. Longitudinal analyses of the initial downward trends from 2008 and 2011 found that the decreases were likely the result of a shift in political elite cues associated with the rise of the Tea Party (e.g., messages from political leaders, increased Congressional attention) rather than the economic recession or unusually cold weather.17. Republican opinion across the United States: N. Popvich and L. Albeck-Ripka, “How Republicans Think About Climate Change—In Maps,” The New York Times, 14 December 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/12/14/climate/republicans-global-warming-maps.html (accessed 17 October 2018). Various trends, including the linear trend, the overall adaptive trend (the residual component C6), and the multidecadal trend (the sum of C5 and C6), are plotted in Fig. Monthly U.S. Follow. 4 A. Leiserowitz, E. Maibach, S. Rosenthal, J. Kotcher, M. Ballew, M. Goldberg, and A. Gustafson, Climate Change in the American Mind: December 2018 (Yale University and George Mason University, New Haven, CT: Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, 2018), http://climatecommunication.yale.edu/publications/climate-change-in-the-american-mind-december-2018/ (accessed 7 March 2019). 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